What modern drugs are taken for hypertension?

Through the complex reception of modern drugs for hypertension, you can get rid of its symptoms not only in the initial, but also in an advanced stage of development. Doctors, when prescribing high blood pressure treatment for their patients, do not limit themselves to only 1-2 drugs. They prescribe several drugs that complement each other and enhance their effects, which makes the therapy more effective.

Why do you take several drugs at once for hypertension?

Those who had to fight hypertension know that in order to defeat it, you need to regularly take a whole range of drugs belonging to different pharmaceutical groups. An individual list of drugs that combine well with each other is selected for each patient. The correct treatment regimen allows you to eliminate not only the symptoms of the pathological process, but also the reason why it started.

In hypertensive patients, a drug should be chosen to help lower high blood pressure. But its effect is usually short-lived. This medicine should be taken in the following cases:

  1. If the blood pressure rises and stops at a level that does not exceed 180 mmHg. Art. To eliminate the problem and prevent the development of serious complications, you need to take a drug that will gradually lower blood pressure. This process should take about two hours. Usually, in this condition, it is not necessary to call an ambulance for a hypertensive patient;
  2. If a person whose blood pressure regularly rises becomes ill and their blood pressure rises to 210 mmHg. Art. You need to take a medicine that will urgently reduce its values to normal in 30-40 minutes. At that time you should call an ambulance. This measure cannot be avoided if a sudden increase in blood pressure occurs in an elderly person.

A person with hypertension should definitely find out in advance from the attending physician which medicine should be taken in an emergency and which is needed to gradually reduce blood pressure.

Medicines with a short-term effect can only relieve the attacks of the disease. Treatment of hypertension in men and women with modern drugs should be systematic. Only in this case can a person count on recovery and withdrawal of the disease for a long period of time.

If the drugs prescribed by the cardiologist are taken systematically, the patient will be protected from new spikes in blood pressure. This is due to the fact that most of them have a prolonged effect. This means that at least 24 hours after taking the pills, the patient is protected from the manifestations of hypertension. In some cases, such therapy can even reverse all the pathological changes caused by the disease.

In hypertension, several drugs from different groups are usually prescribed at once

Different groups of drugs have different effects on the human body and disease. Only taking several drugs at once can achieve the best treatment results. In addition, we must not forget that many drugs to combat high blood pressure can enhance the effect of each other.

Main groups of drugs

Hypertension is treated with modern antihypertensive drugs. It is best to fight such diseases of the cardiovascular system with the help of several drugs belonging to different groups. The drugs listed below are used for hypertension.

Beta blockers

For hypertension, drugs from the group of beta-blockers are prescribed. Thanks to them, it is possible to reduce the negative impact of excess hormones on the heart. Thanks to this action, the rhythm of the internal organ slows down and the pressure normalizes.

Taking beta-blockers is prohibited for people with low heart rate, bronchial asthma or blockage of the conduction system. Women who are breastfeeding should not take these pills.

Most often, these drugs can be seen in prescriptions by cardiologists prescribed to young patients with hypertension. They are accepted within 2-4 weeks. Patients are then switched to combined treatment.

If the blood pressure values are elevated, then it will be difficult to do without this drug.

A noticeable result of lowering blood pressure becomes noticeable after about 2-4 hours. These drugs are only taken once a day because they have a long-lasting effect.

After taking beta-blockers, the patient sometimes experiences side effects. They are limited to such conditions as indigestion, weakness in the body, bradycardia and noticeable slowing of the pulse.

Beta-blockers slow the heart rate, so take them with caution

Alpha blockers

Cardiologists recommend that men take vascular drugs from the group of alpha-blockers, as they further eliminate problems related to the prostate gland. This drug lowers blood pressure well and also improves urination.

Alpha-blockers will not be prescribed to patients who are diagnosed with tachycardia, heart failure or a tendency to frequent nasal congestion.

After taking alpha-blockers, some patients report side effects such as dizziness and temporary impotence.

Alpha-blockers are used not only for hypertension, but also for the treatment of prostatitis


Hypertension requires taking drugs that act on the blood vessels and cause them to dilate. They are inhibitors. Modern drugs of this group, presented in the form of blood pressure tablets, should not be taken by pregnant women and small children. They can also harm the health of people who have kidney problems.

It is recommended to start taking drugs from this group with a minimum dose and gradually increase it if necessary. It is very important to monitor current blood pressure levels during therapy so that the results of treatment with inhibitors can be noted.

Medicines can cause side effects. After taking them, allergic reactions can occur in the form of swelling, dry cough, as well as a strong drop in blood pressure. To prevent the development of negative effects, it is necessary to adhere to the optimal dose of the drug.

Calcium antagonists

Medicines that belong to this group can dilate blood vessels. They prevent calcium ions from entering blood vessels and the heart. This is their difference from other similar drugs.

It is strictly forbidden to take calcium antagonists for people with arrhythmia, rare pulse or blockade of the conduction system. Contraindications include pregnancy.

Blood pressure begins to decrease within 1-2 hours after taking the drug. Its effect is observed on average within 24 hours.

Before prescribing the drug, the doctor must inform the patient about the presence of side effects such as sudden hot flashes and dizziness.


Patients over 50-60 years of age are prescribed modern drugs such as diuretics for hypertension. They can be included in recipes not only for adults, but also for young people with complaints of high blood pressure.

Diuretics have a diuretic effect. With their help, you can lower blood pressure by removing unnecessary fluid from the body. If the patient does not have gout and diabetes mellitus, it is with this drug that the treatment of hypertension begins. In addition, drugs from other pharmaceutical groups are prescribed.

Medicines differ from each other in how quickly they achieve the desired effect and how long they last. For example, a loop diuretic begins to work within 15 minutes after the entry of its active components into the body. The pressure is normalized up to 6 hours. A thiazide diuretic has a longer-lasting effect. Thanks to it, patients with hypertension are not worried about the symptoms of the disease for the next 12 hours.

Diuretics, like drugs from other pharmaceutical groups, can cause side effects. They are usually limited to the development of dizziness, nausea, vomiting, mood changes, muscle cramps, weakness in the body, feeling very thirsty and interruptions in the functioning of the heart.

Food additives

When drawing up a scheme for the treatment of high blood pressure, not only modern drugs that are based on synthetic components are preferred. For many patients, the best treatment is nutritional supplements. It is really the best medicine for hypertension as it is herbal based. Therefore, such treatment does not cause any particular harm to the body. The only drawback of nutritional supplements is their weak effect, so they alone are not able to completely eliminate the signs of hypertension.

Dietary supplements that are recommended for hypertension differ significantly from more traditional blood pressure lowering agents, such as motherwort or hawthorn tincture. They are not addictive to the body and do not affect the functioning of the reproductive system. In some cases, nutritional supplements are allowed even for pregnant and lactating women.

Experts can recommend nutritional supplements with antihypertensive effect to a patient who complains of high blood pressure.

These medications are available as tablets, drops, or tinctures. They should be used as an adjunctive method of treating hypertension along with synthetic drugs.

Particular attention is required when taking herbal preparations by patients who may have an allergic reaction to the substances contained in their composition.

Emergency medications

If the blood pressure rises too much and begins to reach critical values, the person begins to be in serious danger. A stroke can develop in this condition. This can be prevented with the help of fast-acting drugs.

These are powerful drugs that can only be taken in an emergency. In other situations, it is best to limit yourself to other drugs that have a milder effect on the human body.

Fast-acting drugs really help in critical situations. However, their abuse can be dangerous to health. They are able to affect the mental state of a person, as well as interfere with the processes of the pancreas. If the patient is constantly taking such a drug, then after stopping it, blood pressure can rise significantly. The development of a withdrawal syndrome is also possible.

Doctors usually advise people who may have high blood pressure to always have emergency medicine on hand.

They quickly lower blood pressure. To enhance the effect of the drug, the tablet is placed under the tongue and gradually dissolves. Then you need to call an ambulance. You should not ignore this advice, because in the event of an excessive increase in blood pressure, consultation with a doctor is mandatory.